Since any contract with minors, that is, any person under the age of 18, cannot be sub-treated, any minor agreement entered into is invalid by initio (from the outset). Where a minor has wrongly mortgaged and sold a property, the Court considers that the proceedings of a minor as a lender and the purchaser should both be compensated in the event of the cancellation of such an agreement. Typical reasons for the nullity of a contract are coercion, inappropriate influence, misrepresentation or fraud. A contract entered into by a minor is often cancelled, but a minor can only circumvent a contract during his minority status and for a reasonable period of time after reaching the age of majority. After a reasonable period of time, the treaty is considered ratified and cannot be avoided.  Other examples would be real estate contracts, lawyers` contracts, etc. Contracts of minors are not concluded because they are not legally able to enter into legally binding agreements or contracts. The law assumes that these people do not quite know what they are doing and that they are classified as such in particular categories. This category includes not only minors, but also the mentally ill. The universal justification for this law is that it protects minors and young children from responsibilities and duties they do not understand.
While this law is applicable in all cases, there are some general exceptions. In most countries, minors (i.e. people under the age of 18) are considered mental and are unable to enter into contracts. Thus, it can be said that under the law, an agreement with a child/minor is outlawed. Contract law in India, says that only a man aged 18 and over is competent to bear. The main reason for an agreement with a minor is null and void that if the child is a promise to do something and his commitment is an important part of the agreement, the contract is considered null and void, because the child is not authorized to make the undertaking of a legal obligation. Any contract with a minor cannot claim any specific function or performance of an act by the minor, as any agreement with a minor is considered void-ab initio. However, legal guardians cannot hire him through a contract to purchase real estate. However, a contract concluded by the Tribunal with the Tribunal`s authorization for the sale of a minor`s property with a certified guardian appointed by the Court of Justice was obtained. A minor can never be a principal obligated, because Section 183 of the Indian Contract Act for someone who becomes a principle, should be of majority age and healthy, and since a minor is not in a position to enter into a contract, he cannot employ an agent either.
However, a minor may be empowered in accordance with Article 184, but the principal obliged is bound by the acts of the minor and would not be personally responsible in this case. A joint contract between a minor and an adult, executed by a guardian of the child, the contract is committed on the adult. Facts of the case – the complainant Dharmodas Ghosh, when he was a minor, mortgaged his property to the accused, a money lender. At the time, counsel for the accused was aware of the complainant`s age. The complainant paid only 8,000 thereafter, but refused to pay the rest of the money. The plaintiff`s mother was then his closest friend (legal guardian), so he sued the defendant, who stated that he was a minor at the time of the contract, so that the contract was unsigned, that he was not related to the same thing. Kuwarlal v. Surajmal- With regard to the needs of the children, it is found that the house that is given to the minor with rent for his residence and resources for the continuation of his education is part of the needs, so you have the right to demand a refund of the minor.