With respect to abuse of education, although most states do not recognize abuse of education, most recognize an offense when it is alleged that the educational institution did not keep a particular promise it made in textbooks or bulletins.27,40 While the courts have held that the program is not a contract, they decided: 48, 49 Although students and the university may have a contractual relationship, it does not necessarily result in faculty members and students being in a contractual relationship. A description of essential elements of the curriculum would be beyond the scope of this article. However, best practices for the development of legally secure curricula include detailed clarification with regard to course requirements. As in preventive medicine, early attention to the content and format of a cure plan can prevent and mitigate subsequent complications. Faculty members embarking on the intellectual journey of curriculum development, particularly members of the Junior Faculty, can use the information provided in this article to evaluate and possibly improve their curricula. Up to November 2015, a literature search was conducted of relevant biomedical databases on science and education to examine the extent to which faculty members, students and universities view curricula as contracts and to find articles related to curriculum issues. The search was carried out at Ovide-Medline (1946-November 2015), Ovide-Medline (Ongoing), EMBASE (1974-November 2015), ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) (1966-November 20 15), PsycINFO (1887-November 2015) using “cursus ou cursus” and the Boolean operator “AND” with the search terms “contract or claim or appeal or pedagogical fault or negligence, right or law”. Limiting the search to articles where search terms are present in the title was too restrictive and led to the absence of relevant articles. The search was extended to articles where the terms appear somewhere in the article, and about 2800 citations were searched.

However, most of the quotes were irrelevant. Most of the irrelevant articles described curricula developed for contracts or legal courses. After reviewing the titles of the article and available abstracts, approximately 40 relevant citations identified. The bibliography of each of these articles has been manually checked for additional references. A search for court cases was conducted at both Lexis and Google Scholar (limited to cases). The cases cited in each case were checked manually to identify other relevant cases. It may not be necessary to provide a weekly course schedule and faculty members often indicate that such a schedule will be subject to changes/developments. As a result, as long as the potential for change is indicated in the program, the program cannot be “maintained” against the student who chooses to enroll. .